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BY: Iride Aparicio

Photos Courtesy: The Academy

LOS ANGELES, CA-- It will be absolutely unfair to the ACADEMY OF MOTION PICTURE ARTS AND SCIENCES ® for several reasons, if some of the Television viewers who watched The OSCARS ® attempted to smear its impeccable reputation because of the unfavorable incident that happened on the stage of the Dolby® Theater during the ABC Live Broadcast on Sunday, March 27.

One of the reasons is the Academy® reputation as "The world's most important organization related to motion pictures". Another reason is the size of the ACADEMY OF MOTION PICTURE ARTS AND SCIENCE' S® membership. Having over 10,000+ members around the world, we cannot judge the Academy®, or its members, by the action of one of them.  But there are more powerful reasons to respect the institution and for us to respect it we should know a few facts about it.

The ACADEMY OF MOTION PICTURE ARTS AN SCIENCES® was incorporated as an institution with a purpose and objectives, in 1927 at a dinner held in the Crystal Ballroom of the Biltmore Hotel in Downtown Los Angeles.

Its purpose  may be defined as follows:  To recognize and maintain the excellence in the arts and sciences of cinematography,  inspire  the imagination of cinematographers to connect the world through cinematographic moving images, and to devise a method to honor the outstanding  achievements in the motion pictures productions.

And to accomplish its purpose, the Academy ® has, for years, encouraged the cooperation among creative cultural leaders in the preservation of education and technology, promoted educational activities for the professional community and for the people, and devised a method to honor outstanding achievements, to encourage higher levels of quality in the facets of motion picture production. Since founded, every year it gives recognition to outstanding individuals and discoveries in the film industry at a ceremony broadcast live around the world, the OSCARS®.

A.M.P.A.S. ®

Like the fields of different sports that give  trophies to their best athletes, the Academy® decided to give a trophy, to recognize the excellence of its best actors and technicians in the film industry, so, at one  of the many meeting that followed  its  establishment, Metro Goldwin Mayer's  (MGM) Art Director Cedric Gibbons, sketched the figure of a knight,  gripping a sword in his hands, next to his erect body.  The sword, symbolizing the Academy's protection of  the welfare and advancement of the film industry. The figure was standing in front of a reel of film, with the five spokes of the reel  symbolizing its five different branches: the actors, the directors, the producers, the technicians and the writers. Gibbons' design, was immediately adopted by the Board of Directors of the Academy® and it appeared on the cover of the l927 issue of the Academy's ® magazine in early l928.

To realize his sketch into a three-dimension statuette, Gibbons chose Los Angeles sculptor George Stanley, and together, and for weeks, they discussed the design concept. They agree, that to create the statuette, there will be no live models or sketches used, and that Stanley had to work up several versions, of the statuette first, so Gibbons could selected the one he liked. In the finished design the figure of the knight was streamlined, and the film reels moved beneath its feet.

The statuettes stood at 13 1/2 inches tall, and weighted a robust 8 1/2 pounds.   Its base, however, varied until the present standard was adopted in l945. The first statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were made from gold plated solid bronze, but within a few years, the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal, pewter like alloy, which made it easier to give the statuettes their smooth finish.

For years, its Oscar® Awards ceremony,the OSCARS ® is considered the most prestigious entertainment event in the world for promoting the cooperation of technical investigations, the improvement of methodology and equipment, and providing a meeting place not only for cinematographers, but for people related to many different arts, allowing them to share with others the points of view of the true cinematography's creators.

A popular story has been that Academy librarian and executive director Margaret Harrick thought that the statuette resembled Oscar, her uncle, and when she said so, the members of the Academy's staff began referring to the statuette as Oscar. The OSCAR® is the statuette most recognized award in the world as a symbol of achievement in filmmaking. We can add that since OSCAR ® was created, its design has never changed from its original conception.


The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences® is located in a seven floor building in Beverly Hills. In one of the building's floors is the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, where the members and public can see, movies and lectures through the year. A few months before the OSCARS® in that theatre all the nominated actors and films categories are announced to the world's press in a Press ceremony which starts at 5AM California time and is also broadcast around the world. 

On its 75th Anniversary of being founded, the ACADEMY® re-named its  building on  Cienga Blvd, Fairbanks  Center , in honor of  its first president, Douglas Fairbanks, and Its building located on Vine, Pickford Center for Motion Picture Studies in honor of its cofounder Mary Pickford.   

in 2021, , the Academy® opened its own film museum, Designed by Architect Renzo Piano. It  contains 300,000 square feet of  Avant Garde, Art deco, modernistic displays. The museum, is located in Wilshire Blvd. next to the Art Museum (LACMA)  of the City of Los Angeles. The museum may also be visited online and items from its shop purchased.